Separation Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety is a Future oriented State Characterized by negative effect in which a person Focus on the Possibility of Uncontrollable danger or misfortune; in contrast, fear is present-oriented state characterized by strong escapist tendencies and a surge in the sympathetic branch of the automatic nervous system in response to current danger.
A Panic attack represents the alarm response of real fear, but there is no actual danger.
Panic attacks maybe (1) Unexpected (without warning) or (2) Expected (always occurring in a specific situation). Panic and Anxiety combine to create different anxiety and related disorders. Several disorders are grouped under the heading Anxiety Disorders.
About Separation Anxiety Disorder:
Separation anxiety disorder is characterized by children's unrealistic and persistent worry that something will happen to their parents or other important people in their life or that something will happen to the children themselves that will separate them from their parents. Children often refuse to go to school or even to leave home, not because they are afraid to go to school but they are afraid of separating from loved one. All young children experience separation anxiety to some extent; this fear usually decreases as they grow older.
1. Fear of getting lost.
2. Fear of kidnapped.
3. Fear of killed.
4. Fear of hurt in an accident.
5. Nightmares of possible separation.
Separation Anxiety Disorder occurs across the lifespan and is characterized by a unique presentation. Separation Anxiety if remain untreated in childhood, can extend into adulthood. Such disorders are generally overlooked in adult that it occurs in approximately 6.6% of the adult population over the course of a lifetime.
In treating Separation Anxiety in children, parents are often included to help structure the exercises and also to address parental reaction to childhood Anxiety. More recently, researchers, have explore the use of real-time coaching of parents using a small microphone in parents ear to allow therapist to actively instruct parents in how to best respond when their child resists separation. Intensive 1week program for children aged 8 to 11-years is useful in separation anxiety.
David H. Barlow, BOSTON UNIVERSITY
V. Mark Durand, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA- ST. PETERSBERG
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