Most of us take our body for granted we wake up in the morning assuming we will be alert enough to handle our required daily activities; we eat two or three meals a day and perhaps a number of snacks, we may engage in some vigorous exercise and, on some days, in sexual activity. We don't focus on our functioning to any great degree unless it is disrupted by illness or disease. Yet Psychological and social factors can significantly disrupt these activity of Survival. Eating Disorder comes under such Psychological disorder. This disorder diagnoses Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, obesity etc.
About Binge-Eating Disorder:
Research focused on a group of individuals who experience marked distress because of Binge Eating but do not engage in extreme compensatory behaviors and therefore cannot be diagnosed with bulimia. These individuals have binge-eating disorder (BED). Evidence that supports its elevation to disorder status includes somewhat different patterns of heritability compared with other eating disorders, as well as a greater likelihood of occurring in males and a later age of onset. There is also a greater likelihood of remission and a better response to treatment in BED compared with other eating disorders. Individuals who meet preliminary criteria for BED are often found in weight control programs.
1. Eating, within any 2-hour period.
2. Feeling that one cannot stop eating or control what or how much one is eating.
3. Eating much more rapid than normal.
4. Eating until feeling uncomfortably full.
5. Eating large amount of food when not feeling physically hungry.
6. Eating alone because of feeling embarrassed by how much one is eating.
7. Feeling disgusted with oneself, depressed or very guilty afterward.
Marked distress regarding binge eating is present.
In view of demonstration, it would seem, a self-help approach should probably be the first treatment offered for BED before engaging in more expensive and time-consuming therapist led treatments. More Severe cases may need the more intensive treatment delivered by a therapist particularly cases with multiple (comorbid) disorders in addition to BED, as well as low self-esteem. It is also important emphasize again that if an obese person is bingeing, standard weight loss procedures will be ineffective without treatment directed at bingeing.
David H. Barlow, BOSTON UNIVERSITY
V. Mark Durand, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA- ST. PETERSBERG
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