Gambling disorder affects an increasing number of people. Research suggests that among pathological gamblers, 14% have lost at least one job, 19% have declared bankruptcy, 32% have been arrested and 21% have been incarcerated. The DSM-5 criteria for gambling disorder set forth the associated behaviors that characterize people who have this addictive disorder. These include the same pattern of urges we observe in the other substance -related disorders. With the need to gamble increasing amounts of money over time and the "Withdrawal symptoms" such as restlessness and irritability when attempting to stop.
Similar brain systems appear to be involved with those addicted to gambling as seen in persons with substance related Disorders.
About Impulse-control Disorder:
The person experiences increasing tension leading up to the act and, sometimes, pleasurable anticipation of acting on the impulse. For example, paraphilas such as pedophilia (sexual attraction to children), Eating disorders and the Substance-related disorders, often commence with temptations or desires that are destructive but difficult to resist. DSM-5 includes three additional impulse control disorders: Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Kleptomania, Pyromania
David H. Barlow, BOSTON UNIVERSITY
V. Mark Durand, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA- ST. PETERSBERG
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