Major Depressive Disorder
Mood Disorders are among the most common Psychological Disorders, and the risk of developing them is increasing worldwide, particularly in younger people. Mood disorders involve disabling disturbances in emotion-from the sadness of depression to the unrealistic elation and irritability of mania. Mood disorders in children are fundamentally similar to mood disorders in adults.
About Major Depressive Disorder:
The most easily recognized mood disorder is Major Depressive Disorder, defined by the absence of Manic, or Hypomanic Episode before or during the disorder. If two or more major depressive episodes occurred and were separated by at least 2 months during which the individual was not depressed, the Major depressive disorder is noted as being recurrent. Recurrence is important in predicting the future course of the disorder, as well as in choosing appropriate treatments.
1. Psychotic Symptoms: Hallucinations i.e. seeing or hearing things that aren’t there. Delusions i.e. strongly held but inaccurate beliefs.
3. Manic Symptoms.
4. Somatic Symptoms & Early morning awakening, weight loss, loss of libido (sex drive), excessive or inappropriate guilt and anhedonia (diminished interest or pleasure in activities).
5. Catalepsy: & Muscles are waxy and semi rigid, arms or legs remain in any position in which they are placed.
6. Consistent oversleep and overeat.
7. Peripartum Period (pregnancy and the 6-month period immediately following childbirth.) depression.
8. Seasonal depression: winter depression, Excessive sleep, Increased appetite and weight gain.
David H. Barlow, BOSTON UNIVERSITY
V. Mark Durand, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA- ST. PETERSBERG
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