Inhalant use Disorder
Inhalant Use Disorder: Dizziness, Euphoria
Slurred speech, Sleep Disturbance
Substance-Related, Addictive and Impulse-control Disorders
Most of us, use some sort of Psychoactive Substance occasionally. Drinking a cup of coffee in the morning to wake-up or smoking a cigarette and having a drink with a friend to relax are examples of substance use, as is the occasional ingestion of illegal drugs such as cannabis, cocaine, amphetaminesor barbiturates. For a person to become intoxicated depends on which drug is taken, how much is ingested, and the person's individual biological reaction.
Substances are grouped into six general Categories:
- Depressants: These substances results in behavioral Sedation and can induce relaxation. They include alcohol (ethyl alcohol) and the sedative and hypnotic drugs in the families of barbiturates (for example, Seconal) and benzodiazepines (for example, Valium, Xanax).
- Stimulants: These substances cause us to be more active and alert and can elevate mood. Included in this group are amphetamine cocaine, nicotine and caffeine.
- Opiates: The major effect of these substance is to produce analgesia temporarily (reduce pain) and euphoria. Heroin, opium codeine and morphine are included in this group.
- Hallucinogens: These substances alter sensory perception and can produce delusions, paranoia, and hallucinations. Cannabis and LSD are included in this category.
- Other Drugs of Abuse: Other substances that are abused but do not fit neatly into one of the categories here include inhalants (for example, airplane glue), anabolic steroid and other over the-counter and prescription medications (for example, nitrous oxide). There substances produce a variety of psychoactive effects that are characteristic of the substances described in the previous categories.
- Gambling Disorder: As with the ingestion of the Substances just described, individuals who display gambling disorder are unable to resist the urge to gamble which in turn, results in negative personal consequences (e.g. divorce, loss of employment).
Common Symptoms of all substance - Addictive Disorders
- Substance /Addictive are often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended.
- There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control Substance / Addictive use.
- A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain them, use them or recover from it’s effects.
- Craving, or a strong desire or urge to use the substance.
- Recurrent substance/ addictive use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school of home.
- Continued use substance / addictive despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of the substance / Addictive.
- Important Social, occupational or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of substance /Addictive use.
- Recurrent substance / Addictive use in situation in which it is physically hazardous.
- Substance /Addictive use is continued despite knowledge of having persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems that is likely to have been caused on exacerbated by the Substance / Addictive.
- Tolerance for increased amounts of the Substance/ Addictive to achieve intoxication or desired effect or diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of the Substance/Addictive.
- The withdrawal Syndrome for substance /Addictive.
About Inhalant use Disorder:
Inhalants do not fit into the classes of substance use disorder. Inhalants include a variety of substances found in volatile solvents - making them available to breathe into the lungs directly. Some common inhalants that are used abusively include Spray paint, Hair spray, Paint thinner, Gasoline, Amyl nitrate, Nitrous oxide (“laughing gas"), nail polish, remover felt- tipped markers, Airplane glue, Contact Cement, Day-cleaning fluid and Spot remover. A typical person who engages in inhalant use tends to be male
Many kinds of problems can develop when people use and abuse substances that alter the way they think, feel and behave. Once seen as due to personal weakness, drug abuse and dependence are now thought influenced by Biological and Psychological factors.
Social Influences: Trigger
Substance dependence is treated successfully only in a minority of those affected, and the best results reflect the motivation of the drug user and a combination of biological and psychosocial treatment. Always advised to get a better result, use multiple approaches.
David H. Barlow, BOSTON UNIVERSITY
V. Mark Durand, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA- ST. PETERSBERG
2. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY: 9TH EDITION
Davision G.C., Neale, J.M. and Kring, A.M.
3. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY
Allov. L.B.: Riskind, J.H. and Manos, M.J.
4. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY AND MODERN LIFE. NY: Harper and Collins. 2000
Carson. R.C. and Butcher. N.J.