Mood Disorders are among the most common Psychological Disorders, and the risk of developing them is increasing worldwide, particularly in younger people. Mood disorders involve disabling disturbances in emotion-from the sadness of depression to the unrealistic elation and irritability of mania. Mood disorders in children are fundamentally similar to mood disorders in adults.
About Manic Episode:
The Second fundamental state in mood disorders is abnormally exaggerated elation, joy or euphoria. In Mania, individuals find extreme pleasure in every activity; some patients compare their daily experience of Mania with a continuous Sexual Orgasm. They become extraordinarily active (hyperactive), require little sleep, and may develop grandiose plans, believing they can accomplish anything they desire. Speech is typically rapid and may become incoherent, because the individual is attempting to express So many exciting ideas at once this feature is typically referred to as flight of ideas, DSM-5 criteria for a Manic Episode require a duration of only 1 week, less if the episode is severe enough to require hospitalization. Hospitalization could occur, for example, if the individual was engaging in a self-destruction buying space, charging thousands of dollars in the expectation of making a million dollars the next day. The duration of an untreated Manic Episode is typically 3 to 4 months. DSM-5 also defines a Hypomanic Episode, a less severe version of a Manic Episode that does not cause marked impairment in Social or occupational Functioning and need last only 4 days rather than a full week.
1. Inflated Self Esteem or grandiosity.
2. Decreased need for sleep (feels rested after only 3 hours of Sleep).
3. More talkative than usual or pressure to Keep talking.
4. Flight of ideas of subjective experience that thoughts are racing.
5. Distractibility (attention too easily drawn to unimportant or irrelevant external stimuli).
6. Increase in goal-directed activity (either socially, at work or school, or sexually) or Psychomotor agitation (e.g. purposeless non goal - directed activity).
7. Engaging in unrestrained buying sprees, Sexual indiscretions or foolish business investments.
David H. Barlow, BOSTON UNIVERSITY
V. Mark Durand, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA- ST. PETERSBERG
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