Disruptive Mood Dyregulation Disorder
Mood Disorders are among the most common Psychological Disorders, and the risk of developing them is increasing worldwide, particularly in younger people. Mood disorders involve disabling disturbances in emotion-from the sadness of depression to the unrealistic elation and irritability of mania. Mood disorders in children are fundamentally similar to mood disorders in adults.
About Disruptive Mood Dyregulation Disorder:
Children and adolescents are being diagnosed with Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder. Children up to 12 years of age suffers from this diagnosis. In the Diagnosis criteria the severe recurrent temper outburst manifested verbally and/or behaviorally that are grossly out of proportion in intensity or duration to the situation or provocation. The temper outbursts are inconsistent with developmental level and occur, on average three or more times per week. The mood between temper outbursts is persistently irritable or angry, most of the day nearly every day and is observable by others. These all criteria are present minimum for 12 months and majorly seen at home, School or with peers. The diagnosis is made after 6 yrs of age and before 18 yrs of age.
5. Frequent temper tantrums.
6. Difficult regulating emotions.
7. Verbal rage.
8. Physical aggression towards people or property.
Genetic influences are present to children and adolescents. Having a mother who is depressed increases the chances of being depressed as a child or adolescent, less is known about influence of fathers or the reasons for these linkages. Depression in either or both spouses is often associated with marital conflict, depression with have negative effects on the children in a household, and it does.
A very important objective for the immediate future will be developing and evaluating- treatments for this difficult condition both psychological and drug.
David H. Barlow, BOSTON UNIVERSITY
V. Mark Durand, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA- ST. PETERSBERG
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